Orchids have a unique appearance. They are captivating and almost look like artificial flowers in their perfection. Orchids are one of the greatest flowering plant families.
They are decorative plants with graceful representation and delicate features. Orchids represented a symbol of strength. There are about 25000 species of orchids and around 800 genres out of them are cattleya.
Orchids regarded as the most beautiful orchid flowers, discovered in the year 1824. Orchids are lovable flowers whose many species have different colors like white, purple, pink, yellow, orange, blue, etc just like a rainbow they are bright and eye-catching flowers.
Look-wise orchids seem completely different as in comparison to other regular flower plants because the structural pattern of the petals of orchids is in perfect shape.
Orchids are exotic and desirable. They are remarkable to convey a lot of affection, significant purity, represent love and prosperity, and last but not least fertility.
Orchids are epiphytes; they develop on the branches of other trees or rocks. They need air and space around them in the surrounding so that they do not decompose in a pot of normal pot mixture.
Care of orchids:
It is easy to care for orchids which ensures future flowering because it can lead to developing orchids completely. These factors will lead to proper care of orchids and help them to flower:
Orchids need indirect light. They need a huge amount of light but orchids are very specific about a fixed amount of sufficient light requirement. The amount required by leaves, indicated by the color of leaves. For example brown color of leaves is a result of less required light because excess light will burn the leaves, deep green justifies the requirement of leaves, and grassy green shows that the orchid plant is receiving sufficient light to flowers.
The Orchid plants grow in moderate temperature ranges. The temperature ranges 10-15 °C in the daytime and in night time 60°F (16°C) temperature is required.
Orchids are susceptible to sudden temperature changes. Maintain the temperature ranges either high or low.
Orchids require fast-draining pots for a proper drainage system. There are different pot mixes required like bark based mixes or moss based mixes. Bark based mix mediums help drain out excess water. Moss based mix mediums help uphold the moisture better.
Orchids need to know how much orchids use water. Orchids require watering differently than other plants because of the potting mixes are different from the soil.
Ensure to water the orchid entirely every time roots of the orchid get fortunate to absorb moisture before it mixes with the potting medium. Abort using distilled water or salty water.
Do not overwater because it results at the end of other orchids than under-watering.
Continuous watering will cause decomposition of roots, and further causes sinking of leaves, at an unspecified time causes the death of plants.
Water the orchids at the beginning of the morning, which provide the entire water evaporation on leafy parts like foliage and the crown by night time. Use the drainage pots because it will allow excess water to drain out of the pot. Otherwise, roots will turn yellow in color or eventually die.
The need for watering will increase several times relying on the environmental conditions of the surrounding, humidity level, and potting mixes.
Orchids are habitual to additional amounts of humidity than the average humidity present in the normal surrounding environment.
The best quantity for orchids to do great is 40-60 percent of humidity. Do not let the humidity decrease by 40 percent, if it happens then use a bottle of spraying water and gently mist the plant entirely and potting media once every day.
Do not let the humidity increase beyond 60 percent. To avoid the situation use a dehumidifier in the surrounding where the plant is used to stop the development of fungi and bacteria.
Airflow is very essential while orchids are turning to become worse. Supply kind and quiet air circulation for the reason that orchids are not developing in soil, supply proper air to retain the roots healthy.
For care of orchids, Fertilizers play a major role. Every species of plants need fertilizers for healthy growth. Weakly or monthly Balanced proportions of fertilizers used in plants like 10-10-10 or 20-20-20.
Normally orchids get fertilized weekly, it is significant to lessen the strength of fertilizer by adding water.
After the flowers fall off, fertilize the plant monthly. Orchids will do way better with a deficient amount of fertilizer than with an immoderate amount. It is foremost not to fertilize an entire dry orchid plant as the fertilizer can damage the orchid or it can burn the dry roots of the plant. Do not water the orchids from inside for certain days after fertilizing them or the supplements will simply be carried out with water.
After flowering, the development of foliage will stop at an unspecified later time. Till the new leaves initiate to develop again, supply the plant less water and fertilizer.
Why orchid flowers are falling:
- Bud blast:
- If orchids flowers fall off before the due time then bud blast is occurring.
there are several factors which affect bud blast:
■ Either overwatering or underwatering.
■ Either temperature changes quickly or temperature is at its highest degree.
■ Orchids are highly susceptible to unpleasant fumes, chemicals, and discharged natural gases or any other gas emitted from a material.
■ The absence of sufficient light or low lighting can cause flowers to fall off. Direct sunlight is harmful to orchids because it will burn the orchid buds and results in bud blast.
■ Excess amounts of fertilizers will lead to the decomposition of roots.
■ Buds require a higher level of relative humidity i.e. a measure of humidity required per day. If the environment is dry it will lead to bud blast.
- Bud blast may cause unexpected conversion of the environment. A harsh conversion in light, temperature or humidity levels can distract the environment which causes the flower to fall off and buds
- Naturally, when orchids have done with flowering they show that they have reached the end of the blooming cycle.
- If orchids fall off one after one. It is a natural process for orchids to experience flowers fall off and then regain energy for new flowers
Reasons why flowers fall off:
- In situations When pollination occurs by insects, most damage occurs, and flowers close suddenly.
- Extreme temperature(above 30°C) will cause shortness of duration of flowers during the flowering cycle on plant and in low temperature (12-15 °C) at the end of the orchid.
- The light coming directly from the sun is a major factor damaging orchids.
- Over controlling or over touching will cause the bud to close suddenly.
- Do not change the site of orchids where they are potted while the flowering cycle because they adapt the conditions of the site.
- Excess humidity or lack of humidity will cause major damage to roots either by damaging or by turning into yellow color.
- Excess of fertilizer is dangerous while the flowering cycle.
- Air movements are not good for flowers because it will cause the random closing of flowers and lead to dryness in the environment.
- The polluted environment with decomposed organic matter or unpleasant fumes that discharge unwanted gases will lead to flower damage and then they will fall off.
- The presence of any pathogen like fungi, bacteria, or any pest can cause disease which results in reduced life of the flowers. Be careful if any of the pathogens are suspected.
What to do when flowers of orchids fall?
When the orchid flowers fall off, it’s the time to repot and rebloom an orchid plant has come.
Repotting: There are many reasons to re-pot an orchid. The following reasons which justify why we have to re-pot an orchid:
- When the roots of orchids are developing out of the pot and turned out in white color. This is the perfect time to root the orchids.
- If the roots of an orchid plant are decomposed then it is indispensable to re-pot orchid because this is a major indication.
When you observe development, that time is considered perfect for repotting the orchid plant.
- New pot
- New potting mix
- Large bowl
Potting medium: use a bark based medium instead of garden soil. Cautiously cover a bit of potting mix around the roots of the orchid plant.
There are following steps to repot an orchid:
Step 1. Prepare the material required for a new pot.
use a new potting mixture either of bark based or a moss based medium in a large bowl and mix it with hot burning watering. Maintain the temperature in the surrounding, drain the potting medium. Orchids are sensitive, ensuring to sterilize each thing.
Step 2. Eliminate the orchids by its recent pot.
Be careful towards roots while removing from the pot. Cautious while unlocking each root separately using scissors to help.
Step 3. Clear out the roots.
To eliminate dead or unhealthy roots, we can use a pair of scissors or we can simply achieve this by using our fingers. Mild ease separates the tangled roots that are dead or rotten.
Step 4. Put the plants in the new pots.
The new developing orchid will appear in the level.
Step 5. Add potting medium
Add sufficient potting medium to the base of pot so that the new development of orchid will be in level with the top of the pot.
Step 6. Care the new growth
Assemble the orchid flowers so that they stand above.
If we take care of the orchid as told, we will see a rebloom in six to nine months.
Orchids can bloom-rebloom for 6 or 7 months of the year.
If the orchid is not blooming, it’s in all probability because of these 8 reasons:
1) Not enough light:
Orchids should accommodate in regions with indirect sunlight
2) Too much light:
alike most plants, orchids will lose a life when displayed to too much sun. Make sure the orchids are put in a region that collects divergent sunlight. 3)Temperature:
Orchids need temperatures between 65°F to 75°F and cannot manage extreme weather changes.
If the orchid is in a disinfected, inorganic rooting mix, it cannot take all the supplements that are required by plants. To let the orchid the supplement boost that it needed.
When orchids develop their receptacles, their roots can strangle from lack of real ventilation(airing).
Repot the root again, if you observe that roots are turning brown or getting wrinkled.
orchids blossom their best in the drop-down and orchids try to blossom it in the summer.
7)Too much water
Over-watering the orchid is the main reason for the orchid to not bloom.
When orchids become damaged through heat and loss of water or root color appears red, this is the sign that it is collecting excessive water.
8) Too little water:
Under-watering the orchid, the orchid’s leaves look dry, water the plant.
SOLUTION TO STOP FLOWERS FALLING OFF:
- Restrict the entrance of pests. It is approved to use impervious products.
- Examine that the orchid plant is not revealed to the uttermost temperature neither above 30°C nor below 12-15 °C during flowering.
- Keep away from direct sunlight and harsh air movements.
- Do not change the surrounding environment of orchids while they are blooming.
- Avoid overwatering but do not let the roots dry out as well.
- Avoid regular spraying the blooms with water.
- Keep away from charged environments like smokes, unpleasant odors, organic gas discharges, etc.
- Eventually, they perceive that the plant is free from disease or attacks of parasites that can give rise to incapacitate the plant.
- Specifically, review the conditions of roots that they do not get rot or they are not turning to yellow.