20-20-20 Fertilizer either natural or synthetic material carrying the chemical elements that enhance the development and productiveness of the plants. Fertilizers improve the fertility in nature of the soil mix or replace the chemical elements taken from the soil by previous crops.
Fertilizers are fundamental for producing to rectify for the nitrogen that is extinct by the elimination of harvest products.
Plants require fertilizer because most of the variety of soil does not supply the significant nutrients needed for great development.
Inorganic materials, manufacture industrially and spread into the soil medium in a liquid state.
Liquid fertilizers hold nitrogenous fertilizers, dehydrated and hydrated liquid ammonia, ammonium compounds, concentrated nitrates of ammonia, urea, and compound fertilizers containing only the main supplements that are nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium in the same proportions.
In every type of soil medium, present plants consume all the nitrogen present in the environment. Plant tissues require nutrients that are easily available in fertilizers to thrive greatly in the environment. The nutrients that plants require come from feeding the plants to supply the energy.
Plants need 17 significant nutrients in the soil to live and to develop.
Nitrogenous liquid fertilizers
It consists mainly of nitrogen in the form of ammonia, which combines with the particles of soil.
Apply liquid fertilizers in every season like spring, in late summer, and in the autumn but not in winters.
Spread Liquid fertilizers into the soil at a specific surface to ignore the loss of ammonia with the help of plows of tractors on the farm.
Liquid fertilizers are just like other solid nitrogen fertilizers.
Compound liquid fertilizers are aqueous solvents comprising up to 20 percent nitrogen, 20 percent phosphorus, and 20 percent potassium. By mixing stabilizers like colloidal clay will stop crystallization, otherwise, it will result in an increment in concentration of present substances into the fertilizer to 30 percent. Compound fertilizers do not restrain added nitrogen; they are only scattered on the surface during cultivation.
Fertilizers help to fill up the requirement of nutrients after every yield. The nutrients are Nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, and sulphur, which are the most significant supplements for harvesting crops and for the production of energy.
There are nine nutrients that plants need in great amounts:
- Carbon is found in Carbon dioxide present in the environment.
- hydrogen from water (H2O)
- oxygen from water(H2O) and air.
- Nitrogen supports plants to create proteins to make new tissues. In the environment, nitrogen supply is decreasing day by day so plants consume as much as nitrogen in possible amounts. even if the plants neglect other elements to consume.
If nitrogen is present in great amounts, the plant develops large foliage but does not give rise to fruit or blooms. Restrict the development of plants because of the reason that the plants are not consuming sufficient amounts of other elements.
- Potassium improvises the total strength of any plant. It supports the plants to create carbohydrates (glucose) and supplies resistance to plant diseases. It also supports to control all the metabolic activities happening during the development period.
- Phosphorus promotes the development of roots, it supports the plant, arranges buds and blooms, improvises energy and maximizes the size of the seeds. It helps in this phenomenon by applying the law of energy i.e. transferring the energy from one part of the plant to another part of the plant. To consume phosphorus, several plants need a pH of soil from about 6.5 to 6.8. Fertilizers and the rate of metabolic activity of soil microorganisms will increase the necessity of phosphorus elements.
- Calcium is used for plants in semi-permeable membranes, at developing spacing and to neutralize poisonous substances. As well as calcium improvise the structure of soil and helps to combine all the particles together.
- Magnesium is the only metallic portion of the green pigment i.e. chlorophyll; in the absence of chlorophyll, the plant will not perform photosynthesis i.e. create energy in the form of ATP using sunlight.
- Sulfur is a great source of protein.
HOW FERTILISERS WORK?
Fertilizers are nutrients for plants. Just like other organisms, plants also need food to produce energy and to thrive.
Plants need a balanced proportion of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and sulphur. Pants absorb these supplements from the soil while developing phase, in addition, they require fertilizers, manures, and compost to plants every year.
The characteristic feature of fertilizers is that they are spread in balanced amounts to fulfill the needs of plants and are not harmful to the surrounding environment. Manure and compost are used to get sure that the soil is getting sufficient nutrients. Fertilizer helps to understand the significance of balancing the number of nutrients to stop both over-fertilization and under fertilization.
20 20 20 liquid fertilizer is multi-purpose, that is used in all phases of plant development in the farm.
It comprises equal proportions of nitrogen (20%), phosphorus (20%), and potassium (20%) to give a balanced equation for plants to thrive.
WHEN TO FERTILIZE PLANTS?
Do not fertilize the plants during the winter season. Fertilize the plants during the developing phase, that is spring and summers. It is essential to provide fertilizer to plants every two weeks during the spring season and summers.
It is essential not to fertilize at some seasons like in the autumn when the climate in the surrounding gets cold and plants go into the dormancy phase of their life cycle. If fertilizer we apply is continuously in winters it will promote new development of the plant, which is harmful in the cold seasons.
Always increase the watering intervals after fertilizing the plants. In winter if the plant is left under the shade place them in direct sunlight for sometime before fertilizing it.
Use liquid fertilizer in balanced amounts to promote the healthy growth of the plants because plants absorb easily and transfer to every part of the plant.
METHOD OF USE
- Conventional procedure:
Spreading nutrient-rich fertilizer to the area of root steadily during the development season. The number of gallons spread every interval is equal to a usual watering rate.
- Constant Feeding: A clarification of the conventional procedure; it ignores variation inaccessible plant energy measures into the soil and manufactures more usual growth and previous yields. In this procedure, small amounts of fertilizers are nourishes along with every watering interval at the standard rate.
- Foliar Feeding: Spreading fertilizer rich in nutrients from a fine spray bottle to the foliage. Foliar feeding is useful for fertilization or to encourage new development while deteriorated soil, humidity, or temperature environmental conditions when other methods are not effective.
the pH of the soil is a major factor to feed the plant with liquid fertilizers to give all the nutrients to the plant for proper development.
If the pH of the soil is high or low; the number of nutrients is present in proper proportions into the soil mixture, several nutrients are not absorbed by plants. For many plants, the pH of the soil ranges between six and seven.
To increase the pH of the soil using the lime and ash because aluminum or sulfur sulfate can lower the value of pH. Compost balances the pH of the soil and maintains the ideal pH “6.5”.
Why and When to Use Liquid Fertilizers:
To develop well healthy plants rich in nutrients, because the people want their healthy soil in proper conditions. In the absence of fertilizers, the plants will not gain the proper nutrients to nourish the soil.
When we harvest plants, essential supplements are coming out from the soil for proper nourishment. If the soil of the plants is not rich in nutrients after fertilizing, plants will deteriorate at that time.
Liquid fertilizers work faster than other organic manures. They accelerate the number of nutrients required by plants if it is difficult to consume supplements like nitrogen in winters.
HOW TO APPLY FERTILIZER TO PLANTS :
Cut and remove decayed or dead leaves from the plant with pruning shears, sterilize with alcohol. This will support the plant to transfer energy to all the leaves, then leaves will result in green color again. Delicately remove dead leaves from the soil medium to ensure that the fertilizing liquid is transferring to roots or not.
Do not spread fertilizer into the soil without moisture. It is significant for the soil too moist before spreading fertilizer. Water the plant until the water drains out of the pot. Ensure that the water drains out completely, it will not rot the roots.
Dilute the liquid fertilizer more with water to decrease the strength. Over-fertilizing the plant will result in plant death.
Be careful to spread fertilizing liquid completely on the superior surface of the soil, till the water starts to drain out from the drainage system.
The role of nutrients present in fertilizer:
Plants are not able to consume nitrogen directly from the environment, the soil is the only way to absorb this essential supplement. If the amount of nitrogen present in the soil is low, fertilizers are used as the acceleration of the supply of nutrients in the soil.
Great amounts of potassium appear deep below the soil mixture and not reachable for the roots of the plant. It takes a lot of effort to absorb the potassium and this is why the fertilizers are used to complete the needs.
It is easily found in rocks, but for plants to complete the needs of phosphorus, it requires liquid fertilizers to fulfill the needs. The use of phosphorus in fertilizers supports plants to consume it from the environment and soil of the plant and it ensures for great productions and quick growth of the plants.
USES OF 20-20-20 LIQUID FERTILIZER :
The 20-20-20 liquid fertilizer performs great after the process of making a flower from a bud. It is manufactured which is rich with high-quality supplements and is highly soluble. It has a balanced proportion of 1: 1: 1 sufficient for a broad variety of plants in every phase of their development.
- It promotes the formation of seeds.
- It boosts the formation of roots and growth.
- It gives great blooms and helps in the formation of fruits.
- It maximizes the plant’s ability to not get affected by cold weather and drought conditions.
- Use the liquid fertilizers in the thriving phase of the plant.
- It prevents plant diseases and infestations.
- It gives proper nutrients and micronutrients to improvise the growth of the plant in a balanced proportion.
MAIN BENEFITS Of 20-20-20 LIQUID FERTILIZER :
-It is highly soluble in water.
– Raw materials are high.
– proper balanced nutrition to nourish the plant
– Rich with micronutrients of high quality.
– Safe and easy to use.
– it is free from salts.