Cycnoches is the scientific name of the swan orchids. Swan orchids belong to the Orchidaceae family. There are almost 34-39 identified species. Swan orchids reproduce flowers in many colors such as red, bronze, green, yellow, light pink, and white.
Cycnoches are familiar as swan orchids because of their presentation which has a sculpture-like lip, which exactly looks like a swan forwards with folded wings and a long neck, curved downwards.
Swan orchids are found in warm and hot climatic conditions. These Orchids are found growing on decomposing wood in the South America rainforest.
The orchids are designated by large green and white, aromatic, and waxy flowers on pendulous flower spikes.
Swan orchids can get mature faster and flourish in about six months. Swan orchids are season dependent plants. The first blooming phase occurs when the flower is fully mature and developed in autumn, while the second blooming phase occurs in winters to early spring.
Swan orchids are unisexual flowers which means they have distinct male and female flowers, which appear on different plants.
There is the production of the male flowers when the conditions like intense light and temperature variations are in favor during the phase of bud formation. In swan orchids species it’s really difficult to predict the sex of the flowers.
Swan orchids grow in xerophytic regions where species of plant have adaptations to survive in an environment with little water, such as desert or on ice, which have two different seasons: the wet and the dry season.
This is why swan orchids have dormancy(resting) phase. In this phase, plants pretend that they are dead but they collect nutrients, moisture, and other supplements for their growth, and leaves of swan orchids are deciduous (leaves which start falling off at maturity).
The swan orchids have long storage organs that help to collect the moisture, air, and nutrients from an environment which is known as ‘pseudobulbs‘.
All the leaves and inflorescence (that is the process of arrangement of flowers on the plant) usually arises from pseudobulbs with a definite amount of nodes from which leaves arise which are broad in size.
The process of arrival of leaves and inflorescence (inflorescence is a process of arrangement of the flowers on a plant) is known as swan orchids propagation.
Care of swan orchids
1. LIGHT :
Light is the essential factor to grow healthy swan orchids.
Swan orchids need a high amount of light for bursting to flower.
There is the requirement of Bright diffused light to bring swan orchids into bloom; including sunlight but not direct because direct sunlight may result in burning of the leaves so set the orchids in indirect sunlight for 2 hours a day.
Bright light encourages the growth of female swan orchids while subdued or light of low intensity produces the male swan orchids.
Too little sunlight will prevent plants from blooming, different leaf colors of an orchid plant show how much sunlight is given to the plant. Mention below are some indications:
- Bright green color: the leaves of the orchid plant are healthy.
- Dark green color: the leaves will show that the orchid plant is getting insufficient light.
- The yellowish-green or red color of leaves: specify that the orchid plant is receiving too abundant light.
2. TEMPERATURE :
The warm temperature would be nice for blooming beautiful, elegant, long-lasting flowers, orchids must generate energy in the form of carbohydrates during the day when the temperature ranges are high and store that energy in the night when the temperature ranges drop because this energy will help in the better development of the swan orchids.
The variations in temperature ranges are necessary for orchids to bloom because the difference between the temperature ranges will stimulate the plant to flourish.
Night temperatures for the ideal best growth i.e. the maximal rate of the growth of the orchids should range in between 60°F-62°F while, while temperatures ranging between 70°F-80°F is ideal for the day time temperatures.
The high temperature(90°F-100°F) may not damage the orchids because the other factors get fulfilled if proper nutrition, moisture, and air circulation provided.
3. POTTING MEDIUM :
Pot the orchids in a small ceramic container which will be rich in substrate containing bark and sphagnum moss.
Hanging orchids in pots or mount orchids on height for best air circulation which will be essential for the healthy growth of orchid plants.
However, mounted orchids will need more frequent watering like two or more times per day in the hottest season to give moisture for growth.
Since the swan orchids are pendulous-type plants they are grown in hanging baskets or mounted on trees.
4. WATERING :
To dry out your orchids by night-time, water the orchids early in the morning.
The proper frequency of watering will depend on the climatic conditions like the region where orchids are full of moisture or not, or the host plant is in an active growing period or not.
The size of the container will help to find how many times orchids need watering. Besides climatic conditions, the plotting medium of bark or sphagnum moss will also affect the amount of watering.
Bark dry out faster than sphagnum moss. However, the surface of the container will be dry and the roots will remain moist.
Distinct from other orchids that need drying out phase, swan orchids flourish the entire year and should remain moist.
Rinse the plant in the morning, let them dry out before night-time. Orchids need Watering once a week during winter and twice a week during the summer which would be enough for the new development.
After flowering reduces the watering and when the dead leaves have fallen stop watering at all till spring.
Water generously during the spring season when the new growth starts. Maintain good air circulation during summer and reduce watering once the orchids have started to bloom.
When the plant has stopped flourishing reduce watering until new growth and roots visible
5. FERTILIZER :
The best time to apply the fertilizer is in an active growing phase of the plant cycle. Well, balanced quantities of fertilizer used to feed the orchids. Fertilize the orchid plants weekly right after a session of watering.
When the orchid plants are in a growing phase, apply the fertilizer rich in high nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and iron content.
During the growing phase, potassium is responsible to control the flowers and development of the fruits, phosphorus is responsible for the production of flowers, and nitrogen is responsible to encourage the vegetative growth of the orchid plants.
Initially, the nitrogen content is a must to feed the orchid because new shoots are starting to appear, belatedly, additional amounts of phosphorus and potassium required towards the termination of the season.
Orchids growing in a bark containing medium need more nitrogen than phosphorus and potassium in 30-10-10 proportions because bark gets degenerated by the bacteria and consumes a large amount of nitrogen and very little amount of nitrogen is left for plants.
When flower spikes are visible, it is better to stop using fertilizer.
In winter swan orchids need a dry phase (no water phase). Once new growth begins in spring, place the plant in a moist environment, and fertilize heavily with a 20-20-20 fertilizer.
Do not apply fertilizers when plants go into a dormancy phase.
6. HUMIDITY :
Humidity plays a major role in all kinds of plants. Leaves evaporate it’s water in the surrounding, a process called transpiration. The rate of transpiration depends majorly on the humid atmosphere in the surroundings.
The ideal humidity required for orchids is 50%-70% during the daytime. During the summer, when days are warm and dry, humidity in the region gets increased by creating a new environment by placing the orchid plants in a shallow dish, containing pebbles and water.
Be cautious to keep the water exactly beneath the pebbles. Never allow the water to touch the base of the dish; otherwise the ability of water to flow from narrow spaces without the help of external forces like gravity i.e. capillary action will expose the roots to overwatering causing them to degenerate.
Group the orchids and the host plant in a single evaporating dish to create humidity. Do not set the plants so close that the result will be restriction of the airflow.
7. VENTILATION: AIR MOVEMENTS :
Airflow is very essential while orchids are turning to become worse. Supply kind and quiet air circulation for the reason that orchids are not developing in soil, supply proper air to retain the roots healthy.
In the natural, considerate repeated light wind along the leafy cover of the rainforest is essential for the continuation of the life of swan orchids plants and further air plants.
Air movements behave as a safeguard for swan orchids. It helps to evaporate still water, caught at the time of watering where bacteria and fungi reproduce.
Without the circulation of fresh air, which results in the absence of carbon dioxide production due to which orchids eventually die from degeneration.
Ventilation also helps swan orchids to tolerate the intense light in the region without getting their leaves burnt.
Improvisation of the Air movements in the environment so orchids can grow peacefully; In summer by opening the windows and in winters by a table fan to mimic the air movement.
The growth of swan orchids needs to change the direction of the airflow so the environment around the region where swan orchids get placed would not dry out.
Orchids are exotic beautiful flowers, associated with fertility, strength, and distinct sexuality.
Once the orchids have stopped flowering they have entered a phase called “dormancy”.
Orchids dormancy: In winter or when the orchids lose their leaves, Do not water or fertilize during the resting phase.
The dormancy phase lasts for six to nine months. After that phase, the orchid plants will regain the energy to flourish again.
Here are some methods to rebloom the orchid plants
- After entering the resting phase, orchids stop the growth so start to fertilize orchids again with a 30-10-10 fertilizer.
- Orchids are generally placed in a cool environment where the temperature ranges between 55°F – 65°F. And keep the orchid plant in contact with the indirect light so that the direct sunlight will not harm the orchids. Repeat the same procedure till the plant rebloom again. When the new spikes will appear on the plant it will take a couple of months to flower again. When the orchids will rebloom, restart the care session with the orchids.
If the orchid is not blooming, it’s in all probability because of these 8 reasons:
1) Not enough light:
Orchids should accommodate in regions with indirect sunlight
2) Too much light:
alike most plants, orchids will lose a life when displayed to too much sun. Make sure the orchids are put in a region that collects divergent sunlight. 3)Temperature:
Orchids need temperatures between 65°F to 75°F and cannot manage extreme weather changes.
If the orchid is in a disinfected extinct (inorganic) potting mix, it may not acquire all the supplements that it needs. To let the orchid the supplement boost that it needed.
When orchids develop their receptacles, their roots can strangle from lack of real ventilation(airing). If the roots seem to brown or are wriggling out of the receptacle, it is scheduled to re-pot.
orchids blossom their best in the drop-down and orchids try to blossom it in the summer.
7)Too much water
Over-watering the orchid is the main reason for the orchid to not bloom. When orchids become damaged through heat and loss of water or its roots turning brown, this means that it is collecting excessive water.
8) Too little water:
Under-watering the orchid, the orchid’s leaves look dry, water the plant.